A high-rise building is generally defined as taller than the maximum height. The floors of high-rise buildings must occasionally support cumbersome gravity loads, and they usually consist of concrete landings, piles, or caissons that are sunk into the ground.
Fire-resistant high-rises are Type 1 buildings. Generally, these structures are more than 75 feet tall, including high-rise housing and commercial spaces.
Types of High-Rise Buildings Structural Systems –
⦁ Braced frame structural design.
⦁ Rigid framing structural system.
⦁ Wall-frame system (dual system)
⦁ Shear wall system.
⦁ Core and outrigger structural system.
⦁ R.C.C. building design – R.C.C. Structure design is a blend of concrete and steel support that are joined into one composition and function together in a structure. “reinforced concrete” is frequently used as a common term for reinforced-concrete structural components and products. The principles of Reinforced Concrete introduce the significant properties of structural concrete and its mechanical conduct under different circumstances and all aspects of the combined function of support and concrete.
⦁ Steel structure building design- Steel design, or structural steel design, is an area of structural engineering used to develop steel structures. These structures may include schools, houses, bridges, commercial centres, tall buildings, warehouses, aircraft, ships and stadiums. There are three different ways to design steel structure, i.e. simple design, continuous design and semi-continuous steel design. Joints in structures have been assumed to act as either pinned or fixed to generate structure calculations manageably. In a simple design, the joints are idealised as ideal pins. Two commonly-utilized methods of structural steel design are currently used: Allowable Strength Design (A.S.D.) and Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD).
⦁ Composite structures – are formed by connecting two or more structural components to act as a single composite structural unit, where each component acts structurally efficiently. It merges load bearing and framed structure so that the advantages of both types can be enjoyed. In this type, external walls are load-bearing, and inner supports are in the formation of a column. It relates to the interaction of two or more distinct elements working together and contributing rather than individually. Primary benefits of composite structures include reduced weight, less supporting structure, and excellent resistance to corrosion and rot, which can remarkably lessen the durability of structures made with wood and steel. Less supervision and repairs mean fewer life cycle costs.
⦁ Tensile structure – a tensile structure consists of elements that carry only tension and no compression or bending. There are three main categories in tensile construction systems: membrane tensioned structures, mesh tension, and pneumatic structures. Conventional structures tend to be balanced by the activity of gravity on their mass, holding them in contraction. A tensile structure is a network stabilised by tension rather than compression. For example, a piece of fabric is pulled in opposite directions. The minimum number of supports means that tensile structures can cover vast areas. Tensile fabric structures are lightweight compared to other types of construction but also decisive. They are designed to resist even the most extreme weather conditions, protecting them from rain and sun.
You can learn a vast range of things in high-rise building engineering. Hence, if you are interested in this field, go for it, as the career options are huge.